Laboratory of Woodland Ecology
    Institute of Entomology, Biology Centre CAS
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The Bohemian Switzerland National Park

The Bohemian Switzerland National Park, which was established on 1st January 2000 and covers an area of nearly 80km2, is the youngest national park in the Czech Republic. The park on its northern side borders is linked to the Saxon Switzerland National Park in Germany, which was established in 1990 and covers an area of 93 km2.

The focal point of the area protection is a unique sandstone rock town with the occurance of rare plant and animal species and islands of well-preserved woods. Natural values of the National Park have also been acknowledged within the European Union by including it in the prestigious list of European conservation areas called Natura 2000.

In June 2022, wildfires have hit more than 1000 hectares of woodland habitats of the National Park, creating a disturbance of an unprecedented extent in the modern history of the area. However, the fire has brought a unique opportunity to observe ecosystem changes and an immediate reaction of the woodland biodiversity to fire at a large spatial scale. Therefore, to document the direct effect of the fire on biodiversity, several taxonomic groups (e.g. plants, insects, spiders and birds) will be studied in the impacted area, and their development will be assessed during the following years.